A Study of Similarities and Differences Between Leadership and Management: Implications for Assessment Centres
This paper describes the research, analysis and
development of a model clarifying the competencies of effective Command,
Leadership and Management in the Royal Navy. A questionnaire study was
conducted on a sample of 261 Officers & Ratings. Their performance
was rated through the organisation's own rigorous appraisal process
whilst personality and competency data were gathered through the use of
the well-established Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ) and
Leadership Dimensions Questionnaire (LDQ).
The results identify the common and unique relevance of specific
characteristics and behaviours and so provide an illuminating insight
into the differences between
the constructs of Leadership and Management. The critical factors
related to effective leadership and management performance are also
identified. The implications and applications of these findings for
assessment centre methods, with specific reference to the Royal Navy's
ACs, will be presented.
Henley Management College
Professor Victor Dulewicz is a Chartered Occupational Psychologist, a Fellow of both the British Psychological Society and the CIPD, and a Member of the Institute of Directors. Currently Director, Centre for Board Effectiveness at Henley Management College, he was previously an occupational psychologist for Rank Xerox and the Civil Service Selection Board, and for nine years Manager, Assessment and Occupational Psychology for the STC Group (now Nortel). He has co-authored three books, written more than 100 articles and papers, and presented at numerous national and international conferences on management assessment and development.
Dr. Mike Young
Commander, Royal Navy
Commander (Dr.) Mike Young MBE has, for the past five years, been the driving force behind Leadership Development activity in the Royal Navy. His current post is as Business Improvement Team Leader and internal consultant for the Royal Navy’s newly formed Fleet Headquarters. Previously he spent 6 years on attachment with the Royal Marines and commanded one of the famed Royal Navy Field Gun Crews. A graduate of the Joint Services Advanced Command and Staff Course, he holds two Masters degrees with dissertations on leadership and a Doctorate in Business Administration. He has published numerous articles on competency, leadership and organisational development and is a Chartered Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Mike’s contribution to leadership development in the RN was acknowledged by the award of an MBE in the 2005 Birthday Honours List. He is a Visiting Fellow of Henley Management College and, in his spare time, consults to a wide variety of organisations on the subject of leadership development.
HR R&D Consultant to the 2nd Sea Lord, Royal Navy
Julia Carden MCIPD, ACIS has for the past two years been the HR Research and Development Officer for the Second Sea Lord and the Royal Navy. Prior to this post she was the Project Manager for the review of the Royal Navy’s Officer Assessment and Selection Centre, the Admiralty Interview Board. During this role Julia reviewed the existing process and introduced wide ranging change to bring the process into line with CIPD and BPS Best Practice. Prior to joining the Ministry of Defence Civil Service she lectured at a local F.E. college and worked for a small consultancy firm. Julia started her career and spent the following 10 years as a Royal Naval Officer. Julia is a graduate of the CIPD and Chartered Company Secretary.